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六部门支持民(min)企(qi)加(jia)快(kuai)改革发展与转型升级 充分(fen)迸发民(min)营经(jing)济创造活力(li)

2020年10月27日 08:10    信息来源:http://www.gov.cn/zhengce/2020-10/27/content_5554967.htm

国(guo)家发改委、科技部、工信部、财政(zheng)部、人(ren)社部、中国(guo)人(ren)民银行(xing)等六部门近日正式印发《关于支持民营企业加快改革发展与转型升级的实(shi)施意见(jian)》(简称《实(shi)施意见(jian)》)。国(guo)新办26日举行(xing)国(guo)务院政(zheng)策例行(xing)吹(chui)风会,有关部门负(fu)责(ze)人(ren)对实(shi)施意见(jian)进行(xing)了介绍和解读。

国家发改委(wei)副(fu)秘(mi)书长赵辰昕(xin)表(biao)示,《实施意见(jian)》聚(ju)焦推动民营企业加快改革发展和(he)转(zhuan)型升(sheng)级(ji),是贯彻(che)落实党中央、国务院决策部(bu)署的系列文件之一。

制定(ding)《实(shi)施(shi)意见》主要(yao)有四(si)方(fang)面(mian)(mian)考虑:一(yi)是(shi)(shi)(shi)坚(jian)持(chi)问题(ti)导向。广泛开展专(zhuan)题(ti)调研,听取各方(fang)面(mian)(mian)意见和建议,准(zhun)确把握(wo)不(bu)同规模(mo)、不(bu)同行(xing)业(ye)民(min)营企(qi)(qi)业(ye)改革发展和转型升(sheng)级面(mian)(mian)临的问题(ti)。二(er)是(shi)(shi)(shi)坚(jian)持(chi)长短(duan)结合。既考虑应对新(xin)冠(guan)肺(fei)炎(yan)疫情带来的短(duan)期冲击(ji),更(geng)着(zhe)眼在(zai)(zai)稳定(ding)制造业(ye)民(min)营企(qi)(qi)业(ye)投资(zi)、巩(gong)固(gu)提(ti)升(sheng)产业(ye)链水平、挖(wa)掘(jue)拓展需(xu)求潜力(li)等方(fang)面(mian)(mian),提(ti)出(chu)(chu)长期性政(zheng)(zheng)(zheng)策(ce)。三是(shi)(shi)(shi)营造公(gong)平环境。在(zai)(zai)要(yao)素保障、技术创新(xin)、市场准(zhun)入、投融(rong)资(zi)等方(fang)面(mian)(mian),努力(li)破除(chu)政(zheng)(zheng)(zheng)策(ce)执行(xing)当中可(ke)能存在(zai)(zai)的隐性壁垒(lei),着(zhe)力(li)营造公(gong)平竞争(zheng)的政(zheng)(zheng)(zheng)策(ce)环境和市场环境。四(si)是(shi)(shi)(shi)力(li)求务实(shi)管用。力(li)求提(ti)出(chu)(chu)直接可(ke)操作(zuo)的具体政(zheng)(zheng)(zheng)策(ce)举措,力(li)争(zheng)每一(yi)条政(zheng)(zheng)(zheng)策(ce)措施(shi)都可(ke)落实(shi)、能落实(shi)、能见实(shi)效。

《实施(shi)(shi)意(yi)见》聚(ju)焦(jiao)信心、公平(ping)、创新,提(ti)出了不少务实新举措支(zhi)持民(min)营(ying)(ying)(ying)企(qi)(qi)(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)改革发(fa)展,让民(min)营(ying)(ying)(ying)经济创造活力充分迸发(fa)。在(zai)增强信心方(fang)面,比如提(ti)出鼓励各地建立统一的(de)(de)民(min)营(ying)(ying)(ying)企(qi)(qi)(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)政策信息服务平(ping)台(tai),畅通企(qi)(qi)(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)提(ti)出意(yi)见诉(su)求(qiu)(qiu)直通渠道等(deng);在(zai)公平(ping)竞争方(fang)面,比如提(ti)出除法(fa)律法(fa)规(gui)明确规(gui)定的(de)(de)以外(wai),不得(de)要求(qiu)(qiu)企(qi)(qi)(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)必须在(zai)某地登记注(zhu)册,不得(de)为企(qi)(qi)(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)在(zai)不同区域间(jian)的(de)(de)自由迁(qian)移设置障碍等(deng);在(zai)支(zhi)持创新方(fang)面,比如要求(qiu)(qiu)推动国(guo)家(jia)重大(da)科研基(ji)础设施(shi)(shi)和(he)大(da)型科研仪器(qi)进一步向民(min)营(ying)(ying)(ying)企(qi)(qi)(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)开放,加快对(dui)民(min)营(ying)(ying)(ying)企(qi)(qi)(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)的(de)(de)国(guo)家(jia)企(qi)(qi)(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)技术中心认定,实施(shi)(shi)企(qi)(qi)(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)“上云用数赋(fu)(fu)智”行(xing)动和(he)中小企(qi)(qi)(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)数字化赋(fu)(fu)能专(zhuan)项行(xing)动等(deng)。

为推动民营中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)小企业(ye)(ye)转型升级(ji)创(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)新(xin)发(fa)展,工(gong)(gong)信(xin)部出(chu)台一系(xi)列(lie)政策举(ju)措,工(gong)(gong)信(xin)部中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)小企业(ye)(ye)局负(fu)责人秦志辉说,一是(shi)引导中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)小企业(ye)(ye)专精(jing)特(te)新(xin)发(fa)展。包括培育一批专精(jing)特(te)新(xin)“小巨人”企业(ye)(ye)和制(zhi)造业(ye)(ye)单项(xiang)冠军(jun)企业(ye)(ye)。通过国家中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)小企业(ye)(ye)公共(gong)服(fu)务(wu)示(shi)范平(ping)台、小微企业(ye)(ye)创(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)业(ye)(ye)创(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)新(xin)示(shi)范基地、国家双创(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)特(te)色载(zai)体(ti)等(deng),加强(qiang)对优质企业(ye)(ye)的(de)梯度培育。二是(shi)实(shi)(shi)施数字化赋能专项(xiang)行(xing)动。比如(ru)加强(qiang)工(gong)(gong)业(ye)(ye)互联(lian)网关键(jian)核(he)心技(ji)术和产(chan)品攻关、公共(gong)服(fu)务(wu)平(ping)台和系(xi)统解决方(fang)案供应(ying)商的(de)培育,助力(li)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)小企业(ye)(ye)转型升级(ji)。三(san)是(shi)加强(qiang)对创(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)新(xin)创(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)业(ye)(ye)的(de)支持。包括实(shi)(shi)施中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)小企业(ye)(ye)知识产(chan)权战(zhan)略推进工(gong)(gong)程,抓(zhua)好《保(bao)(bao)障中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)小企业(ye)(ye)款(kuan)项(xiang)支付条例》的(de)贯彻落实(shi)(shi),保(bao)(bao)护(hu)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)小企业(ye)(ye)的(de)合法权益等(deng),持续优化中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)小企业(ye)(ye)创(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)新(xin)环境。

全国(guo)(guo)工(gong)商(shang)(shang)联(lian)(lian)经(jing)济部(bu)部(bu)长林泽炎表(biao)示,全国(guo)(guo)工(gong)商(shang)(shang)联(lian)(lian)在(zai)支持民(min)(min)(min)营(ying)(ying)企(qi)(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)改(gai)革发展和转型(xing)升级方面也做了大量工(gong)作(zuo)。一是(shi)“广(guang)”,比(bi)(bi)如广(guang)泛了解民(min)(min)(min)营(ying)(ying)企(qi)(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)诉求(qiu),全国(guo)(guo)工(gong)商(shang)(shang)联(lian)(lian)每年(nian)都开展万家民(min)(min)(min)营(ying)(ying)企(qi)(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)评营(ying)(ying)商(shang)(shang)环境的(de)有关调查研究,并(bing)形成相关报告(gao)。二(er)是(shi)“联(lian)(lian)”,比(bi)(bi)如加强多方联(lian)(lian)建,在(zai)疫情防控(kong)期间与网商(shang)(shang)银行(xing)共同发起无接触贷款助微(wei)计划(hua),已服务1500万家个体工(gong)商(shang)(shang)户、小微(wei)企(qi)(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye),贷款余额6000多亿元(yuan)(yuan)。三是(shi)“导”,即(ji)引(yin)导民(min)(min)(min)营(ying)(ying)企(qi)(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)坚定(ding)发展信(xin)心(xin),践行(xing)新发展理念,参与国(guo)(guo)家战略实(shi)施和区域经(jing)济发展。比(bi)(bi)如今年(nian)开展网上(shang)湖(hu)(hu)北(bei)行(xing)和线(xian)下湖(hu)(hu)北(bei)行(xing),推(tui)动(dong)引(yin)导民(min)(min)(min)营(ying)(ying)企(qi)(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)在(zai)湖(hu)(hu)北(bei)投资(zi)签(qian)约3000多亿元(yuan)(yuan),在(zai)贵(gui)州推(tui)动(dong)民(min)(min)(min)营(ying)(ying)企(qi)(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)和当地签(qian)约2000多亿元(yuan)(yuan)。

“《实(shi)(shi)施意见》专(zhuan)门强(qiang)调如何落实(shi)(shi),国家(jia)发(fa)改委(wei)将会同有关部门按照职责分(fen)工,下大(da)力气把落实(shi)(shi)工作抓紧(jin)抓实(shi)(shi)。”赵辰(chen)昕说,通过各地(di)方(fang)和(he)部门的协同努力,推动政(zheng)策(ce)更(geng)好、更(geng)扎实(shi)(shi)地(di)落地(di)见效。